Ten years ago, Pier A at Hoboken’s south waterfront was slated for a 1.1 million square foot, 33-story office complex to be built over the Hudson River. Today it is a five-acre award-winning public park that people flock to on a warm summer day. The June 2001 issue of Landscape Architecture features a cover story on this park, entitled “Roots over the River.”
The article describes the genesis of this park for Hoboken which a short time ago had the lowest open-space-to-population ratio anywhere in the state of New Jersey. When the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and the City of Hoboken proposed their massive 3.2 million square foot project for Hoboken’s waterfront, the local citizenry became outraged. The article states, “Not only would the towers make Hoboken look egregiously like Jersey City, the city just south of Hoboken, but they would also effectively block public access to the waterfront.”
Last year, the American Society of Landscape Arhitects bestowed upon Pier A Park an honor award for design. That same year, the Waterfront Center based in Washington, D.C. designated Pier A Park the winner of the Excellence on the Waterfront honor award.
In 1990, a local civic organization, the Coalition for a Better Waterfront, defeated this high-rise project in a public referendum election. After their victory, the Coalition then formed a sister organization, the Fund for a Better Waterfront (FBW), a 501(c)(3) nonprofit group. FBW organized a group of local architects, planners and other professionals to develop a plan for the Hoboken waterfront that preserved the water’s edge as a public waterfront park. Several years later, the City of Hoboken adopted most of the principles embodied in FBW’s plan for the south waterfront, including the waterfront park concept.
One of the professionals, landscape architect Cassandra Wilday, who worked on FBW’s waterfront plan, was hired by the City of Hoboken, along with landscape architect Henry Arnold to design the park at Hoboken’s south waterfront. Arnold is the author of Trees in Urban Design (Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1994). In the Landscape Architecture article, Wilday states, “We tried to create a park that’s simple and durable. There aren’t a lot of bells and whistles.”